Residential vinyl / Cushion vinyl
Cushion vinyl is a multilayer coating that has a clear pvc wear layer at the top and a layer of foamed pvc material in the middle with a printed pattern. At the bottom a stabilizing layer, which can further be provided with a reinforcement of fiberglass or mineral fibers.

Cushion vinyl is supplied as web products in widths from approx. 2.0 m to 4.0 m. Thicknesses up to 5 mm.

Cushion vinyl is used primarily in the housing sector. In the object sector (the business sector), cushion vinyl should only be used in consultation with the supplier.

Homogeneous vinyl

Vinyl is used in schools, hospitals, offices, shops, homes, etc. As vinyl floors are easy to clean and can be waterproof, they are also usable in bathrooms, cleaning rooms, large kitchens, laboratories and the like.

Vinyl coatings are available in various variants, each of which is available in many colors and patterns. Some of the product types can also be supplied with embossed surfaces. Vinyl coatings are produced as web products or as tile products.

The vinyl surface is smooth and easy to clean. Vinyl has good resistance to water and most acidic and alkaline materials. Vinyl is also available with a more rough surface for use in places where increased skid resistance is required.

Prolonged exposure to oil, asphalt, rubber, etc. may cause dyes to migrate into the vinyl and cause discoloration. Vinyl does not tolerate cigarette butts and certain organic solvents.

Vinyl used as flooring must be CE marked. CE marking of elastic floor coverings is mentioned in the section on CE markings of elastic floor coverings .

Vinyl used as floor covering in escape routes and other areas with requirements for fire and smoke development must have documentation to meet the European fire class D fl -s1 in accordance with DS / EN 13501-1 (class G floor covering).

For all types of classified vinyls, a 5-year wear guarantee is granted in accordance with GSO's rules for material guarantee, provided the supplier has approved the scope.

Homogeneous vinyl coatings
Homogeneous vinyl consists of a uniformly colored mass. Any pattern goes through the entire coating. Homogeneous vinyl is available in thicknesses from 1.5 mm to 4.0 mm. It comes in lanes with widths between 1.2 and 2 m and a part is also supplied in the form of tiles, which are available in formats between 250 x 250 mm and 610 x 610 mm.

Homogeneous vinyl can be supplied as electrostatic derivative flooring for use in rooms with requirements for personal discharge.

The supplier can provide detailed information on the electrical resistance of the coatings.

Heterogeneous vinyl
Heterogeneous vinyl consists of a wear layer and other compact layers, which can vary in composition and pattern. The coating may contain a reinforcement.

Heterogeneous vinyl can be supplied as electrostatic derivative flooring.

 

Vinyl with increased slip resistance
Vinyl with increased slip resistance contains quartz grains, aluminum grains or the like which may be in the surface or throughout the coating thickness. The classification for different areas of use is based on a wear test carried out according to DS / EN 13845. Depending on the particle loss which must not exceed 10% after 20, 30, 40 or 50,000 rotations, the coatings can be classified to use in housing, business or industry.

The slip resistance is tested on a wet test ramp according to DS / EN 13845, where a test subject moves back and forth while the ramp slope is gradually increased until it reaches an angle of 45 °. The slip resistance is determined partly by footwear ( ESf ), where the slope of the ramp must be greater than 20 ° before the subject walks and partly as a barefoot test ( ESb ), where the obtained slope must be greater than 15 °.

Inadequate or improper cleaning and care - including the use of unsuitable cleaning and care products - will degrade the floor's slip resistance.

Here is a supplier registration of vinyl with increased slip resistance .

Cushion-vinyl
Cushion vinyl is a multilayer coating that has a clear pvc wear layer at the top and a layer of foamed pvc material in the middle with a printed pattern. At the bottom a stabilizing layer, which can further be provided with a reinforcement of fiberglass or mineral fibers.

Cushion vinyl is supplied as web products in widths from approx. 1.8 m to 4.0 m. Thicknesses up to 5 mm.

Cushion vinyl is used primarily in the housing sector. In the object sector (the business sector), cushion vinyl should only be used in consultation with the supplier.

 

Vinyl with base of foam or cork
These products consist of a base of foam or cork over which is a vinyl wear layer. Vinyl with a base of foam or cork is available in many different qualities.

They are supplied in thicknesses from approx. 2.5 - 6.5 mm and in widths from approx. 1.2 to 2.0 m.

Vinyl with foam or cork base is used in the housing sector, schools, hospitals, offices, shops, sports halls etc.

 

Quartz Vinyl
Quartz vinyl is made of PVC with a high content of fillers, especially quartz. This means that the coating becomes durable to heavy traffic and more open to water vapor diffusion than other types of vinyl coatings. Quartz vinyl is supplied as tiles in the formats 300 x 300 mm or 600 x 600 mm and in the thicknesses 2.0 to 3.2 mm.

Quartz vinyl is primarily used in the object sector, where there is a requirement for high durability against heavy loads, eg supermarkets, department stores, shops, assembly rooms etc. Gluing of quartz vinyl must be done in accordance with the adhesive supplier's instructions.

Quartz vinyl cannot be waterproof and therefore cannot be used in wet rooms.

Properties

Products that meet the European standard DS / EN649 must meet specific requirements for:

  • length, width, straightness and flat weight
  • dimensional stability and shape stability after heat exposure
  • thickness, flexibility and resistance to impression marks
  • color fastness to artificial light.

If vinyl that is not EN-rated (cushion vinyl, vinyl with foam or cork substrate) is used, the designer must ensure that the coating has the properties that are relevant.

EN-classified vinyl coatings have slightly different deviating specifications, depending on the type. This can be seen in the respective standards: DS / EN 654, semi-flexible PVC tiles and DS / EN 650, PVC floor coverings with felt backing etc.

In addition to the properties included in the classification, there will often be a need to set requirements for other properties, depending on the actual application. These properties are part of the flooring industry's additional properties, which include for vinyl:

Resistance to office chair wheels DS / EN 425
Resistance to heavy rolling industrial wheels DS / EN 1818
Resistance to furniture legs DS / EN 424
Resistance to cigarette leaching and to burning cigarettes DS / EN 1399
Slip BGR 181
Anti-slip in barefoot areas with water load List NB
Antistatic properties DS / EN 1815
Suitability in connection with underfloor heating DIN 52612
Suitable for fire DS / EN 13501-1
S1 D fl (Class G)
Suitable as a secondary floor covering DS / EN 1081
impact sound deadening DS / EN
ISO 140-8
IMO approved
RAT mark
IMO
Res.A653 (16) and MSC.61 (67)
Approved for wet rooms City and Build.
Instructions 200
Dimensional stability when exposed to moisture DS 1097.3

Requirements for the execution site
Time must be set aside for the vinyl to be acclimatized. The acclimatization is best done by laying the tracks loose over the floor after cutting. Optionally, the cut webs after cutting can be placed vertically in loosely coiled form. Tiles are placed in unopened packaging in the room where they are to be used. The acclimatization must last for at least 24 hours. A packaged roll will not even be expected to be in equilibrium with the surroundings even after prolonged storage in the building.

During and after gluing vinyl, the temperature in the air and the subfloor must be 17-25 ° C and the air humidity between 35% -75% RH.

The substrate must have the same flatness as is required of the finished floor, normally ± 2 mm on a 2 m straight. Flatness and flooring, including requirements and measurement methods, are described in the section flatness and flooring .

If the vinyl is to be laid directly on cast tires, the concrete's pore moisture (residual moisture) must not exceed 85% RH (for quartz vinyl tiles, however, not more than 90% RH). Moisture and flooring, including requirements and measurement methods, are also described in the section on building moisture

There must be no heavy draft or heavy sunlight during the laying of the floor.

Laying and use

Conditions related to installation and use
Proper friction cutting in web joints is important, since the glue joint in the first part of the glue hardening phase will not be able to hold the coating to the substrate if compression occurs in the joint. The supplier's instructions on the execution of joints and cuts must be followed.

Vinyl can either be laid with butt joints, which is often used for pattern laying, or by welded joints.

Close cutting for vertical surfaces is not possible. Therefore, it will be necessary to mount moldings if a visible joint is not desired along the floor.

Placing the vinyl must be done within a certain time after the glue is applied (mounting time), to ensure good adhesion and thus the best adhesion. The mounting time depends on the materials to be bonded together and the humidity and temperature conditions in the room.

welding
Vinyl floors, which are exposed to water, for example in bathroom, must be welded in the track assemblies. Welding wire used by the supplier is used for the welding of web joints.

Welding must not be done before the adhesive is sufficiently hardened. After the welding, the thread must be cut to the level of the surfaces so that cleaning water and dirt do not collect in and around the welding joint.

Welding joints must appear smooth and uniform.

Electrostatic Derivative Floors
Homogeneous and heterogeneous vinyl coatings are suitable as conductive flooring and can be used in premises where a discharge of electrical charges is needed.

Electrostatic derivative vinyl flooring is performed by means of derivative vinyl coating. The floor must also be connected to earth through copper strips. It must be agreed where the flooring contractor should bring the copper strip up the wall.

Electrostatic derivative vinyl flooring must be carried out in consultation with the coating supplier. Grounding must be done by an authorized electrician.

Static-derived and statically conductive elastic floor coverings - concepts, requirements, etc.

Wet rooms

Homogeneous and heterogeneous vinyl coatings with documentation to meet specific quality requirements can be used as waterproof floor and wall covering in wet rooms.

Pvc clothing in wet rooms is described in Vådrumsfakta, which is published by the Floor Industry's Wet Room Control and Building and Building Instructions 200, which is published by the Danish State Building Research Institute .

Cleaning

The future users should be informed about proper cleaning, as improper cleaning can cause damage to the surface. The supplier's instructions on cleaning and maintenance of vinyl floors must be handed over to the user.

For daily cleaning, dry methods are preferably used, e.g. Dry or moisten or vacuum and wash as needed. For heavier, occasional cleaning, a universal cleaner or washing / care agent is used.

In areas where wet cleaning is needed to a greater extent, web joints must be welded.

Cleaning of vinyl floors is discussed in the cleaning section .

Checklists 3, 4, 5 and 6

Checklist 3. Properties included in the EN classification for homogeneous and heterogeneous vinyl flooring. The classification is based on the total thickness and the thickness of the wear layer. For the classes Business and Industry, welding seams in the coating have a strength above 240 N / 50 mm, and for Occupations Moderate and higher, the coatings are suitable for use with office chair wheels. Other properties comply with the marked values for EN-classified products.

Characteristic comments
Total Thickness 1-1.5 mm
residential
1.5-2.5 mm
profession
1.5-2.5 mm
Industry
DS / EN 428. Thick coatings are considered to be better than thin for wear. The stated values are included in the classification for housing, business and industry, respectively, depending on the use (light, moderate, heavy use). Other thicknesses can be specified to meet special requirements.
Residual impression on static load
≤ 0.1 mm

DS / EN 433.
Color fastness to artificial light At least 6 DS / EN ISO 105-B02: Method 3
The scale is between 0 and 8.
flexibility No cracks DS / EN 435. A dome with a diameter of 20 mm is used.
Shape change by heat influence ≤ 8 DS / EN 434. The stated value is for products intended for welding. For other products, the value 2 is used.
Stability to heat impact ≤ 0.5% 0.4% ,3 0.3%

DE / EN 434. The stated values are for products intended for welding. For other products, the value 0.25 is used.

 

Checklist 4. Supplementary properties for homogeneous and heterogeneous vinyl coatings, which may be required to set requirements, for example due to special effects on the floor during the actual use.

Characteristic comments
Resistance to office chair wheels no Yes DS / EN 425
Resistance to heavy rolling industrial wheels no Yes DS / EN 1818.
The size of the load should be included in the assessment.
Large, light running wheels give the least load on the floor.
Resistance to furniture legs no Yes DS / EN 424
Resistance to cigarette leaching and to burning cigarettes no Yes DS / EN 1399.
Detailed information is available from the supplier.
Slip no Yes

BGR 181.
Value group R9-R13.

Anti-slip in barefoot areas with water load no Yes List NB. Value Group A, B or C.
Antistatic properties no Yes DS / EN 1815
Suitability in connection with underfloor heating no Yes DIN 52612.
Detailed information is available from the supplier.
Suitable for fire no Yes

DS / EN 13501-1.
D fl -s1 (class G)

Suitable as a secondary floor covering no Yes DS / EN 1081
Trinlydforbedring no Yes DS / EN ISO 140-8.
Detailed information is available from the supplier.
IMO approved
RAT mark
no Yes Type-approved on the basis of testing in accordance with IMO Res.A.653 (16) and IMO Res.MSC.61 (67).
Approved for wet rooms no Yes Complies with the quality requirements for PVC rail products in wet rooms, cf. Table 7 in City and Byg's instructions 200 and recorded on GVK's material list.
Dimensional stability when exposed to moisture no Yes DS 1097.3

Checklist 5. Properties included in the EN classification for semi-flexible vinyl tiles. The classification is based on the total thickness and the thickness of the wear layer. Other properties comply with the marked values for EN-classified products.

Characteristic comments
Total Thickness 1.6-2.0 mm
residential
2.0-2.5 mm
profession
2.5-3.2 mm
Industry
DS / EN 428. Thick coatings are considered to be better than thin for wear. The stated values are included in the classification for housing, business and industry, respectively, depending on the use (light, moderate, heavy use). Other thicknesses can be specified to meet special requirements.
Residual impression on static load
≤ 0.1 mm

DS / EN 433.
Color fastness to artificial light At least 6 DS / EN ISO 105-B02: Method 3
The scale is between 0 and 8.
flexibility No cracks DS / EN 435. A dome with a diameter of 20 mm is used.
Shape change by heat influence 75 0.75 DS / EN 662.
Stability to heat impact 0.4% 25 0.25% 15 0.15%

DE / EN 434.

Checklist 6. Supplementary properties for semi-flexible vinyl tiles, which may be required to set requirements, eg due to special effects on the floor during the actual use.